Day 1 :
Marzieh Nojomi, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Time : 10:00-10:40
Marzieh Nojomi has completed her specialist in Community Medicine at the age of 33 years from Medical School from Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. She has also complited a course in Clinical Epidemiology from University of Washington, Seattle, U.S. She is the chief of the department of Community Medicine. She has published more than 170 papers in reputed journals and has been serving as an editorial board member of three medical journasls.
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is one of the leading cause of blindness among adults worldwide. There is considerable variation in the consistency, pattern, and strength of risk factors of DR in different studies. Therefore we decided to determine the prevalence of DR and its risk factors in diabetic patients in Ahvaz. Four hundred diabetic patients from 2013 to 2015 from Imama-Khomaini hospital were enrolled in current study. They were all examined by an ophthalmologist and categorized as DR and non DR groups. The characteristics of patients included age, gender, blood pressure, body mass index, lipid profile, HbA1c, duration of diabetes and smoking were measured. Mean age was 49.7 (±8) years old. About 56% were males and 44% females. One hundred and seventy two patients (43%) had DR. Mean duration of affected by diabetes was 9 (±3) years. The mean of systolic blood pressure was 176 (±10) and 136 (±5) mmHg in patients with DR and without DR respectively. The duration of affected by diabetes was 11.4 (±4.9) years in patients with DR compared to 7.5 (±1.2) years in patients without DR. The prevalence of DR was more in patients who were older, having higher systolic blood pressure, affected more years with diabetes, and had higher HbA1c significantly. Diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglycerides, BMI and smoking were not associated with DR.